Prefrontal Cortex—Executive Function of the Brain
The prefrontal cortex is found in the very front of the brain, just behind the forehead.
The prefrontal cortex is responsible for:
- communicating, guiding, and coordinating the functions of the different parts of the brain
- managing higher cognitive processes like planning, problem solving, logic, reasoning, decision making and memory
- forming and carrying out social behavior and personality expression.
The PFC regulates short-term and long-term decision making allowing us to:
- create strategies
- adjust our actions in changing situations
- pay attention, learn and focus on goals
- consider diverse yet related lines of thinking when presented with complex concepts or tasks.
The PFC contains working memory. Also, it controls intense emotions and impulses and is responsible for good judgment and inhibiting inappropriate behaviors.